9 Bill of Rights
rights are binding on all confederate institutions at all times, and are
otherwise binding within the powers of the Confederation as defined in chapter
3 of this Constitution.
rights of the citizens cannot be denied or abridged on account of nationality
or ethnic origin, political or religious beliefs, race, color or sex.
9.3 Voting age
right of a citizen, being eighteen years of age, to vote or be elected to an
office cannot be denied or abridged.
9.4 Ex post facto law
bill of attainder or ex post facto law shall be passed.
9.5 Religious freedom
official religion may be established, nor may peaceful religious activities be
9.6 Freedom of speech
9.6.1 The freedom of a) speech and
expression, and b) the press and other media may not be restricted.
9.6.2 Nor may the ownership of media or the
transfer of electromagnetic frequency rights or other access rights or
technical means of media production and distribution be restricted.
9.7 Right of assembly and association
right of the people to peaceably assemble or associate or not to assemble or
associate cannot be denied or abridged.
9.8 Habeas corpus
writ of habeas corpus shall not be suspended.
9.9 Privacy, searches, seizures and
9.9.1 Everyone has the right of peaceful
privacy, which includes the freedom from unreasonable searches, seizures and
interceptions of his person, papers, information stored or given in confidence,
home, property, communications and effects of any kind, whether by government
or by private parties, and independent of where the search, interception or
seizure takes place.
9.9.2 No warrants shall issue, but according
to law, upon probable cause and particularly describing the place to be searched
or items to be intercepted or seized and the mode of interception and seizure.
9.9.3 Each year statistics on the number of
warrants issued, and the number of searches resulting in the interception or
seizure of item or items described by the warrant shall be published.
9.9.4 Compensation is payable to those
affected by unsuccessful or unlawful searches, seizures and interceptions
according to the inconveniences endured.
9.10 Due process
9.10.1 No person shall twice be put in jeopardy
of life or limb for the same offense, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or
property without due process of law.
9.10.2 Anyone deprived of life, liberty or
property without later conviction or convicted, but later found innocent, shall
have just compensation.
9.11 Criminal prosecutions
9.11.1 In all criminal prosecutions, the
220.127.116.11 be presumed innocent until proven
18.104.22.168 be entitled to a speedy and public
trial by an impartial court
22.214.171.124 be informed of the nature and cause of
126.96.36.199 have access to all information
presented to the court
188.8.131.52 have compulsory process for obtaining
witnesses in his favor
184.108.40.206 have the assistance of counsel for his defense
220.127.116.11 be entitled to not incriminate himself
18.104.22.168 have the right of appeal
9.11.2 The accused shall be informed of
applicable rights prior to questioning.
9.11.3 Illegally obtained evidence is
9.11.4 On the accused's application, the
court may limit media coverage prior to conviction.
trial of all crimes shall be by jury, with such exceptions as may be determined
by law for the Supreme Court.
9.13 Excessive bail
bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines or damages imposed, nor cruel
and unusual punishments inflicted.
9.14 Taking of property
9.14.1 Private property, including rights established
by contract and intangible property, shall not be taken, regulated or
encumbered for public use without full compensation.
9.14.2 The previous subsection does not
prevent regulations whose sole purpose is a) the return of monopoly profits to
the customers from whom the profits were derived or b) to prevent the
accumulation of monopoly profits by enhancing competition.
9.15 Speedy decisions
9.15.1 Whenever a citizen requests a permit, a speedy trial or any other action
or decision of any confederate or state institution, court, agency or officer,
such requested action or decision shall be carried out within 6 months of the
time such action was desired or required or such shorter time as is reasonable
or such longer time as is reasonable and established by law.
9.15.2 If an action is non-timely the requestor or
those for whom the delay has consequences, shall have
full compensation for any lost opportunities or profits and/or expenses and
9.15.3 In criminal cases the accused shall be aquitted
and have full compensation.
9.16 Equal protection
9.16.1 The Confederation and its officers may
sue and be sued and shall enjoy no privileges or immunities not accorded other
9.16.2 All citizens are equal before the law
and have the equal protection of the laws.
9.17.1 The Confederation may not erect or
protect monopolies or the acquisition of monopoly profits.
9.17.2 The previous subsection does not
prevent the establishment of intellectual property rights.
9.18 Rights retained by the people
enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights shall not be construed to
deny or disparage others retained by the people.
9.19 Freedom of information
To be added.