The Supreme Court
Back Home Up Next


7 The Supreme Court

7.1 Judicial power


The judicial power of the Confederation shall be vested in one Supreme Court and in inferior courts established by law. 


The judicial power shall extend to all cases, in law and in equity, arising under the judicial power of the Confederation. 

7.1.3 The judges of both the supreme and inferior courts, shall hold their offices during good behavior. They shall receive for their services a compensation which shall not be diminished during their conti­nuance in office.

7.2 Judicial review

The Supreme Court and the inferior courts shall each have the power of judicial review.

7.3 Original jurisdiction and right of appeal


Congress or the People may, by law, determine in which cases the Supreme Court shall have original jurisdiction, regulate the right of appeal and the number of Supreme Court justices, provided that such regulations must be consistent with this Constitution and may not come into effect until a new President shall have taken office.


The Supreme Court has the right to propose alterations to laws regulating the Supreme Court or the inferior courts.

Revised: 2004-07-02