use the tools and insights provided by economics and competitive markets to create a constitutional
framework more sensitive to the interests of the citizens in their individual,
group and collective capacities.
- Devolved Sovereignty: The model consists of a concrete proposal for
a modernized and reformed
confederation built on local
and voluntary co-operation. Through the concept of
sovereignty it alleviates the possible conflict between democracy and
majority rule on the one hand, and individual liberty and minority rights on
the other hand.
and Balances: The proposed system of checks and balances facilitates the
peaceful resolution of conflicts and deposits ultimate authority in the
people in its individual, group and collective capacities.
The model is generalized so that it can accommodate a confederation of any
size and with any number of member states. It provides a level of
flexibility which might be especially useful in a European context.
- Sovereignty: Each member state is sovereign and retains all powers
not expressly delegated. Each member state may also withdraw powers
previously delegated to the confederation.
Co-operation: Member states may at any time opt out of confederate
decisions. The constitutional model supports a multi-track Europe.
Member states may secede from the confederation at any time. Member
countries are free to participate in non-confederate organizations.
Non-confederate organizations may be integrated with the confederate
structure over time.
Power: The constitution allows any level of political or economic
integration, but ensures that the pace of integration is determined, not by
central government, but directly by the citizens and each member state.
The citizens participate through direct democratic elections both at the
state level and at the confederate level. The citizens have the right to
approve and/or initiate legislation at both levels of government. Amendments
to the confederate constitution must be approved by the people.
Institutions: A bicameral legislature with a lower house elected by the
people and an upper house representing the member states. A president
elected directly by the people. An independent supreme court, and a constitutional
tribunal to resolve conflicts between the confederation and the states.
Limited central taxing powers. Procedural rights intended to safeguard
democracy and individual liberty.
Objectives: To create democratic institutions with the limited powers
necessary for the resolution of conflicts between member countries and for
carrying out any other tasks delegated to them by the people or the states.
Prevent the accumulation and centralization of power over time.
Rules: The constitution aims at providing honest and just ground rules
for decision making so that the rational behavior of public officials is
made consistent with the interests of the people.
Copyright © 1991-2003 John F. Knutsen